Thank you for downloading this release of the JavaTM 2 SDK, Standard Edition. The Java 2 SDK is a development environment for building applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language.
The Java 2 SDK includes tools useful for developing and testing programs written in the Java programming language and running on the Java platform. These tools are designed to be used from the command line. Except for the appletviewer, these tools do not provide a graphical user interface.
System requirements, installation instructions and troubleshooting tips are located on the Java Software web site at:
The on-line Java 2 Platform Documentation contains API specifications, feature descriptions, developer guides, reference pages for SDK tools and utilities, demos, and links to related information. This documentation is also available in a download bundle which you can install on your machine. To obtain the documentation bundle, see the download page.
For API documentation, refer to the following sources:
- The Java 2 Platform API Specification This provides brief descriptions of the API with an emphasis on specifications, not on code examples.
- The Java Class Libraries, Second Edition, published by Addison-Wesley Longman as part of The Java Series. These volumes include much more elaborate descriptions, with definitions of terminology and examples for classes, interfaces and members in ten core packages.
See the Release Notes on the Java Software web site for additional information pertaining to this release. The on-line release notes will be updated as needed, so you should check it occasionally for the latest information.
See Compatibility with Previous Releases on the Java Software web site for the list of known compatibility issues. Every effort has been made to support programs written for previous version of the Java platform. Although some incompatible changes were necessary, most software should migrate to current version with no reprogramming. Any failure to do so is considered a bug, except for a small number of cases where compatibility was deliberately broken, as described on our compatibility web page. Some compatibility-breaking changes were required to close potential security holes or to fix implementation or design bugs.
The Bug Parade Web Page on the Java Developer Connection web site lets you search for and examine existing bug reports, submit your own bug reports, and tell us which bug fixes matter most to you. To directly submit a bug or request a feature, fill out this form:You can also send comments directly to Java Software engineering team email addresses.
Note - You should not seek technical support from Bug Parade or our development teams. For support options, see Support and Services on the Java Software web site.
This section contains a general summary of the files and directories in the Java 2 SDK. For details on the files and directories, see SDK File Structure portion of the J2SE documentation.
- Development Tools
- (In the
binsubdirectory.) Tools and utilities that will help you develop, execute, debug, and document programs written in the Java programming language. For further information, see the tool documentation.
- Runtime Environment
- (In the
jresubdirectory.) An implementation of the Java 2 runtime environment for use by the SDK. The runtime environment includes a Java virtual machine, class libraries, and other files that support the execution of programs written in the Java programming language.
- Additional Libraries
- (In the
libsubdirectory.) Additional class libraries and support files required by the development tools.
- Demo Applets and Applications
- (In the
demosubdirectory.) Examples, with source code, of programming for the Java platform. These include examples that use Swing and other Java Foundation Classes, and the Java Platform Debugger Architecture.
- C header Files
- (In the
includesubdirectory.) Header files that support native-code programming using the Java Native Interface, the Java Virtual Machine Debugger Interface, the Java Virtual Machine Profiler Interface and other functionality of the Java 2 Platform.
- Source Code
src.zip.) Java programming language source files for all classes that make up the Java 2 core API (that is, sources files for the java.*, javax.* and some org.* packages, but not for com.sun.* packages). This source code is provided for informational purposes only, to help developers learn and use the Java programming language. These files do not include platform-specific implementation code and cannot be used to rebuild the class libraries. To extract these file, use any common zip utility. Or, you may use the Jar utility in the Java 2 SDK's bin directory:jar xvf src.zip
The Java 2 Runtime Environment is available as a separately downloadable product. See the download web site.
The Java 2 Runtime Environment allows you to run applications written in the Java programming language. Like the Java 2 SDK, it contains the Java virtual machine, classes comprising the Java 2 Platform API, and supporting files. Unlike the Java 2 SDK, it does not contain development tools such as compilers and debuggers.
You can freely redistribute the Java 2 Runtime Environment with your application, according to the terms of the Runtime Environment's license. Once you have developed your application using the Java 2 SDK, you can ship it with the Runtime Environment so your end-users will have a Java platform on which to run your software.
The term "vendors" used here refers to licensees, developers, and independent software vendors (ISVs) who license and distribute the Java 2 Runtime Environment with their programs. Vendors must follow the terms of the Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition, Binary Code License agreement.
Required vs. Optional FilesThe files that make up the Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition, are divided into two categories: required and optional. Optional files may be excluded from redistributions of the Java 2 SDK at the vendor's discretion. The following section contains a list of the files and directories that may optionally be omitted from redistributions of the Java 2 SDK. All files not in these lists of optional files must be included in redistributions of the Java 2 SDK.
Optional Files and DirectoriesThe following files may be optionally excluded from redistributions:
- Character conversion classes
- sunjce_provider.jar - the SunJCE provider for Java Cryptography APIs
localedata.jar - contains many of the resources needed for non US English locales
ldapsec.jar - contains security features supported by the LDAP service provider
dnsns.jar - for the InetAddress wrapper of JNDI DNS provider
- bin/rmid and jre/bin/rmid
- Java RMI Activation System Daemon
- bin/rmiregistry and jre/bin/rmiregistry
- Java Remote Object Registry
- bin/tnameserv and jre/bin/tnameserv
- Java IDL Name Server
- bin/keytool and jre/bin/keytool
- Key and Certificate Management Tool
- bin/kinit and jre/bin/kinit
- Used to obtain and cache Kerberos ticket-granting tickets
- bin/klist and jre/bin/klist
- Kerberos display entries in credentials cache and keytab
- bin/ktab and jre/bin/ktab
- Kerberos key table manager
- bin/policytool and jre/bin/policytool
- Policy File Creation and Management Tool
- bin/orbd and jre/bin/orbd
- Object Request Broker Daemon
- bin/servertool and jre/bin/servertool
- Java IDL Server Tool
- Archive of source files
In addition, the Java Web Start product may be excluded from redistributions. The Java Web Start product is contained in a file named javaws-1_2-solaris-sparc-i.zip, javaws-1_2-solaris-i586-i.zip, javaws-1_2-linux-i586-i.zip, or javaws-1_2-windows-i586-i.exe, depending on the platform.
Unlimited Strength Java Cryptography ExtensionDue to import control restrictions for some countries, the Java Cryptography Extension (JCE) policy files shipped with the Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition and the Java 2 Runtime Environment allow strong but limited cryptography to be used. These files are located atwhere <java-home> is the jre directory of the Java 2 SDK or the top-level directory of the Java 2 Runtime Environment. An unlimited strength version of these files indicating no restrictions on cryptographic strengths is available on the Java 2 SDK web site for those living in eligible countries. Those living in eligible countries may download the unlimited strength version and replace the strong cryptography jar files with the unlimited strength files.<java-home>/lib/security/local_policy.jar <java-home>/lib/security/US_export_policy.jar
Endorsed Standards Override MechanismAn endorsed standard is a Java API defined through a standards process other than the Java Community ProcessSM (JCPSM). Because endorsed standards are defined outside the JCP, it is anticipated that such standards will be revised between releases of the Java 2 Platform. In order to take advantage of new revisions to endorsed standards, developers and software vendors may use the Endorsed Standards Override Mechanism to provide newer versions of an endorsed standard than those included in the Java 2 Platform as released by Sun Microsystems.
For more information on the Endorsed Standards Override Mechanism, including the list of platform packages that it may be used to override, seehttp://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/docs/guide/standards/
Classes in the packages listed on that web page may be replaced only by classes implementing a more recent version of the API as defined by the appropriate standards body.
In addition to the packages listed in the document at the above URL, which are part of the Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SETM) specification, redistributors of Sun's J2SE Reference Implementation are allowed to override classes whose sole purpose is to implement the functionality provided by public APIs defined in these Endorsed Standards packages. Redistributors may also override classes in the org.w3c.dom.* packages, or other classes whose sole purpose is to implement these APIs.
For additional information, refer to these Sun Microsystems pages on the World Wide Web:
- The Java Software web site, with the latest information on Java technology, product information, news, and features.
- Java Platform Documentation provides access to white papers, the Java Tutorial and other documents.
- The Java Developer Connection web site. (Free registration required.) Additional technical information, news, and features; user forums; support information, and much more.
- Java Technology Products & API
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California 95054, U.S.A.
All rights reserved.